This post illustrates several ways on how you can record audio/sound to your personal computer. This includes from the most basic technique to the most advanced method. The resulting recording quality also depends on the technique/ways you are using. Before you can record sound using a personal computer, it is assumed you have the following hardware:
a. (REQUIRED) Sound cards with line or microphone input (for most basic ways on recording sound to your computer)
However if you are looking forward in capturing great sound quality; you should be using an external audio interface. This type of audio interface would not be mounted internally (like your old motherboard audio chips or PCI soundcards) but it would be connected to your computer via Firewire or USB bus.
For Windows users and beginners, it is easy to start with an USB Audio interface since they are fairly common and easy to install/integrate in all PC’s and laptops. If you do not have an external audio interface, you can read this post for guidance.
b. (OPTIONAL) Audio mixer – you might have one at home, so you can use it to record sound to your computer. But this is optional and you do not need to buy one. If you need to buy, you can read this post.
c. (REQUIRED)Studio monitors
d. (REQUIRED)Audio Cables
e. (REQUIRED)Audio recording software, you can use Audacity which is a free recording software. Or if you are looking forward to record great sound quality and do some mixing on your own, you should start with Reaper. URLs below:
Take note there is a lot of ways to record sound. I will show you different configurations and their strength and weaknesses:
Method 1: The most basic configuration
This is very basic, the instruments (could be anything) is plugged into the microphone/line-in input of the soundcard. The audio recording software in the personal computer takes charge in the recording process. And then the soundcard output is connected to the computer speakers for monitoring.
The advantages of this method is that it is very easy to set up. The disadvantages are :
a. Very noisy signal/Bad recording quality
b. Low amplitude or very weak signal.
c. Poor frequency response.
This is only recommended to record voice signals such as an amateur voice tape recording but this is not recommended for professional recording. You can use Audacity using this setup. You do not need a sophisticated or multi-track software to get this job done.